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Building The Perfect Decking

Building a deck is a straightforward project and the perfect starting point if you're new to carpentry. 

There are several steps you need to take before you even start the build. In this blog, we talk about all the steps you need to take from planning to the finished project.


Before you start laying your deck, make sure to plan your decking project. This covers everything from decking structures to board type and is an essential part of building a new deck. Your new decking will offer an inspired solution to common garden problems such as slopes, or spots where the grass won't grow as well as an area to entertain guests. 

If you are creative then drawing your own deck might be your best option but if you are not feeling creative one great option is to use deck planning software. There are many options out there that are great for planning but for building the best prices make sure you visit Hillsborough fencing

Why are you building a decking?

The first thing to think about is what your plans are for the decking. Are you looking to create a place to entertain and socialise with family and friends? An area where your children can play outdoors or do you want decking for your hot tub or pool? 

Knowing what you want to use your decking for will determine everything from location to what type of deck boards you should choose. Different uses for your decking will require you to use certain materials or build them in a specific location. 

Deckings that are built for entertainment purposes can be built anywhere from any material, whereas deckings built around pools or for hot tubs need to be much more stable and slip-resistant. 

How big should your decked area be? 

When it comes to the size of your deck, you need to think about the size of your garden and whereabouts it will look best. Your garden is completely unique so it’s important you know exactly where you want it in order to get the correct measurements. Having large areas of decking in your garden will allow for a low-maintenance alternative to a lawn. 

Wooden decking

It is recommended that a good deck should not exceed 20% of the house's square footage otherwise it may look out of place. A good-sized deck can be around 12 feet by 12 feet but can be as small as 8 feet by 8 feet if you don't have the space. Any smaller than this and there is little point in investing in a decking unless it's been used for a small sitting area or a barbeque area just outside of the kitchen.

What about planning permission and building regulations?

Building decking in your garden is permitted development and does not usually need any application for planning permission. However, this changes depending on the type of decking you installing and how big it is. The bigger the deck the more chance you will need planning permission. The sizes and requirements are different throughout the UK so it's always worth checking with the local planning authority before you start building.  

Decking with reflection in rain

Another way to check is to speak to your neighbours who may be affected by your decking. Objections from neighbours are the most common reason for planning refusal. So make time to have a chat with them, explain your plans and listen to any concerns they might have before taking the next step. This should help the planning application process quicker and easier. 

Which decking design?

There are different ways of configuring your decking. Each way is completely different and will add a unique style to your garden. There are 4 main types of decking:

  • Horizontal deck boards - If you want that traditional decking look. Choosing to have your boards laid horizontally will create a straightforward design for your deck also allowing for an easy cleanup and water flow. 
  • Diagonal deck boards - If you're looking for a more contemporary classic option. Having your boards laid diagonally will keep the easy-clean design but will add a contemporary style that you don't get with horizontal decking. 
  • Chevron deck boards -  The decorative chevron pattern is a style which isn't often used as is one of the most complex ways to design your deck. However, we believe it is the best way to style your deck as it has a completely unique style spending on the size and shape of your decking, which you don't get with other styles. 
  • Picture frame boards -  Finally the most attractive option for those who want something a bit more decorative. The picture frame pattern has boards creating a border within the main design. Your decking is designed to take advantage of the angles of the joists for maximum stability and style. 

Which decking materials 

If you’re looking for new Decking and you’re interested in a timber deck, but don’t want to worry about the maintenance and want longevity? If so, Composite Decking may just be the decking which you’re looking for. This style of decking possesses a very similar aesthetic to wood but without the high maintenance costs. 

As composite decking is available in a range of different colours, composite decking can become individually aesthetically pleasing. While offering you a range of options to match your current garden theme. 

Where do you want to lay your decking?

Depending on the size and shape of your garden having your decking on multiple layers is one way to make sure you make the most of the space you have available. Building over abnormal parts of your garden by increasing the height of your deck in areas will mean that no space is wasted. 

Multi-level decking has become quite popular in recent years, as it allows you to split your decking up into sections without a visible barrier between them. Whether it's adding a cost snug away from the main deck or an area to hold the hot tub. 

Decking in floor

A raised deck is a great way to create a level space for entertaining, eating and just sitting out and enjoying the sunshine all year round. Laying your deck at different highest will also keep it away from any potential damage from the ground such as plants and animals. 

What is the best treatment for timber decking?

To keep your decking strong and healthy, we strongly recommend protecting your decking with a suitable treatment. With Our Decking End Grain Preserver , you can protect the cut ends of decking to keep the wood strong. The decking preserver also protects from rot and decay. 

You can also paint over it with our Decking Stain or Oil to give it the ultimate weather protection. When using the decking end grain preserver, to be able to gain full protection you layer a coat over your decking to be able to protect from fungi and rotting.

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